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Bridging the Rural English Education Gap in Vietnam

Updated: Jun 27


While English proficiency has become increasingly important for career and educational opportunities in Vietnam's growing economy, a stark divide exists between urban and rural areas in access to quality English language education. Students in remote and underserved provinces face severe shortages of trained English teachers and limited instructional hours that threaten to leave them behind as the country seeks to expand internationally.





One of the root causes fueling this gap is the acute shortage of qualified English teachers, especially at the primary and secondary levels across many rural provinces. Low salaries, challenging working conditions in remote areas, and lack of professional incentives have contributed to a severe lack of English teachers meeting minimum proficiency standards. For example, in 2016 only 86 English teachers served the 275 schools in Cao Bang province.


This teacher shortage has directly impacted students, with statistics showing only 20% in some provinces receiving the recommended 4 hours of weekly English instruction from grades 3-5. With just 2 hours or less, most rural students have significantly reduced access to the language compared to their urban peers. Several other agricultural provinces face similarly dire situations.

Exacerbating the problem is inadequate training available to existing English teachers, keeping proficiency levels below standards. Without professional development or support networks, teachers struggle to improve and are less inclined to teach in isolated rural postings. As a result, by 2016 only 33% of middle school and 26% of high school English teachers met requirements.


In collaboration with 23+ women-led language centers across Vietnam, Teach for Change (TFC) program of Catalyst for Change aims to reduce educational disparities for children learning English. We recruit passionate volunteers from around the world with strong communication skills, TESOL training, and extensive educational experience. Our dedicated volunteers, driven by their love for children, come to Vietnam to teach English, exchange cultures, and empower children with knowledge, skills, and confidence. Through nurturing a love for learning and promoting cultural understanding, we bridge the educational gap and equip these children for a brighter future.


By placing volunteer teachers in after-school programs and supplemental weekend classes hosted by local partner organizations, the TFC program expands access to English instruction, especially for underprivileged youth from rural areas and minority groups. Early results show significant gains in student confidence and motivation to learn. If successful in reaching tens of thousands of children annually through this grassroots model of community-driven education, initiatives like TFC can help level the playing field for a new generation of Vietnamese youth seeking global opportunities through English proficiency and cultural awareness.


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